5 Common Investment Mistakes to Avoid

5 Common Investment Mistakes to Avoid

To build wealth and become financially independent, investing is essential, but it’s not always simple. Investors may fall victim to fraud and scams, lose money, miss out on opportunities, or fall into one of various traps and hazards. The five most frequent investment mistakes to avoid are covered in this article, along with advice on how to prevent them. We’ll discuss emotional investing hazards and biases, market timing and speculating errors, overconfidence and performance problems, and investment fraud and scam prevention advice.


Emotional Investing Pitfalls and Biases


Emotional investing is one of the most typical investment mistakes to avoid. Investors who base their judgements on feelings rather than logic and facts are said to be engaging in emotional investing. Some emotional investment traps and biases to be aware of include the following:

  1. Blindness trap: The Blindness Trap arises when investors get so concentrated on one venture that they fail to notice other prospects.
  2. Anchoring Trap: This trap happens when investors make too many financial decisions based on a single piece of information.
  3. Sunk Cost Trap: This trap happens when investors hang onto a depreciated investment because they are not willing to acknowledge they have made a mistake.
  4. Confirmation trap: The Confirmation Trap happens when investors seek information that confirms their existing assumptions while ignoring information that opposes them.
  5. Herding Trap: When investors follow the crowd and make financial decisions based on what everyone else is doing, then fall into this trap.
  6. Overconfidence Trap: This trap happens when investors are overconfident in their abilities to forecast the future and base their investing decisions on that overconfidence.


It’s crucial to maintain discipline and adhere to a long-term investment plan to prevent emotional investing. Instead of being driven by emotions, this strategy should be based on your financial objectives and risk tolerance. It’s crucial to conduct your own study rather than relying on the perceptions or feelings of others. With an eye towards your goals and level of risk tolerance, put together a diverse portfolio of assets.


Market Timing and Speculation Mistakes

Market timing and speculation mistakes are common, but they come with a high chance of failure. market timing is the process of attempting to forecast when the market will increase or decrease and then making investing decisions in accordance with that prediction. Speculation is the practice of purchasing assets with the purpose of quickly turning a profit rather than holding them for the long term. Poor investment performance may result from one of these errors.

Even for seasoned investors, correctly timing the market is practically difficult. The consequences of trying to time the market include lost opportunities and higher transaction expenses. Investors should focus on the long term and develop a varied portfolio of assets based on their goals. The secret to effective investment is diversification. It assists in distributing risk among several assets and lowers the total risk of your portfolio. You can safeguard your money from market volatility by maintaining a diverse portfolio.

Underperformance and Overconfidence Pitfalls

Another typical mistake in investing is overconfidence. Investors with excessive confidence may believe they can outperform the market or choose their investments more wisely than others. This may result in Overconfidence and underperformance traps. Overconfident investors may also neglect to diversify their holdings, which can also result in subpar results.

On the other side, when investors are overly cautious and don’t take enough risks, underperformance traps might happen. This may result in lost chances for development and reduced investment returns. It’s critical to maintain discipline and abstain from making rash investing decisions in order to avoid falling into these pitfalls. Do your homework and due diligence before making any investing decisions. Regarding your objectives and aspirations, be reasonable. Make sure your portfolio is well-diversified and in line with your objectives and risk appetite.

Investment Fraud and Scams

Scams involving investments come in a variety of forms, so be on the lookout for them. Some of the most common types of investment scams are:

  • Pyramid Schemes
  • Affinity Fraud
  • Pump and Dump Fraud
  • Offshore Scams
  • Boiler Room Scams
  • Advance Fee Fraud


Investment fraud and scams avoidance tips


  1. Do your research: Before investing in any offer, be sure it is authentic by conducting research. Look over the company’s qualifications and be alert for any warning signs. Any claims of speedy returns or high-pressure sales techniques should be avoided.
  2. Avoid offers that seem “too good to be true”: An investment offer is definitely a scam if it seems too good to be true. Be wary of investments that offer little risk but great profits.
  3. Keep your personal information secure: To keep your personal information secure, you must not give it to anyone you don’t know or trust. This is due to the potential implications that might result from scammers using your personal information to perpetrate fraud or steal your identity. As a result, be careful who you disclose your personal information to and make sure you only do so to reliable and trustworthy sites.
  4. SEC website check: Resources are available from the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) to assist investors in recognising and avoiding investment fraud. For details on investment fraud and how to avoid it, see their website.


Lack of Patience and Discipline

The final common investment mistake to avoid is a lack of discipline and patience. The long-term nature of investing necessitates patience and self-control for success. It’s crucial to stick to a long-term investing strategy and resist being influenced by transient market changes. Making rash judgements or trying to time the market might result in subpar investing success.

Instead, put your energy into assembling a diverse portfolio of assets that are compatible with your objectives and risk tolerance. Refrain from modifying your investing strategy in response to transient market fluctuations. Your financial objectives may be met, and you can create lasting wealth, by remaining focused and patient.


Final thoughts

Investing may be an excellent strategy to accumulate money and attain financial security. However, it is critical to avoid typical investment blunders that might jeopardise your financial goals. There are a few things you can do to prevent typical investment blunders and accomplish your financial objectives. To begin, you should devise a well-thought-out investing strategy. In addition, it is crucial to spread your investments across different assets and invest with a long-term outlook.

Finally, consider getting the advice of a licenced financial counsellor to assist you in making sound investing selections Adopting these steps may improve your chances of success and achieving your financial objectives. Always do your study, avoid high-pressure sales methods, and only invest in what you understand.

by Rachel Buscall

by Rachel Buscall

Co-Founder & Managing Director at New Capital Link. Having started her career in the financial sector, Rachel demonstrated a natural flair for entrepreneurship.

New Capital Link

Alternative investment specialists offering structured opportunities across the UK & Overseas.

New Capital Link is a boutique London-based introducer that offers unique UK & global investment opportunities worldwide.

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Due to the potential for losses, the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) considers this investment to be very complex and high risk.

What are the key risks?

1. You could lose all the money you invest

If the business offering this investment fails, there is a high risk that you will lose all your money. Businesses like this often fail as they usually use risky investment strategies. 

Advertised rates of return aren’t guaranteed. This is not a savings account. If the issuer doesn’t pay you back as agreed, you could earn less money than expected or nothing at all. A higher advertised rate of return means a higher risk of losing your money. If it looks too good to be true, it probably is.

These investments are sometimes held in an Innovative Finance ISA (IFISA). While any potential gains from your investment will be tax free, you can still lose all your money. An IFISA does not reduce the risk of the investment or protect you from losses.

2. You are unlikely to be protected if something goes wrong

The business offering this investment is not regulated by the FCA. Protection from the Financial Services Compensation Scheme (FSCS) only considers claims against failed regulated firms. Learn more about FSCS protection here. https://www.fscs.org.uk/what-we-cover/investments/ or

Protection from the Financial Services Compensation Scheme (FSCS), in relation to claims against failed regulated firms, does not cover poor investment performance. Try the FSCS investment protection checker here. https://www.fscs.org.uk/check/investment-protection-checker/

The Financial Ombudsman Service (FOS) will not be able to consider complaints related to this firm or Protection from the Financial Ombudsman Service (FOS) does not cover poor investment performance. If you have a complaint against an FCA-regulated firm, FOS may be able to consider it. Learn more about FOS protection here. https://www.financial-ombudsman.org.uk/consumers

3. You are unlikely to get your money back quickly

This type of business could face cash-flow problems that delay interest payments. It could also fail altogether and be unable to repay investors their money. 

You are unlikely to be able to cash in your investment early by selling it. You are usually locked in until the business has paid you back over the period agreed. In the rare circumstances where it is possible to sell your investment in a ‘secondary market’, you may not find a buyer at the price you are willing to sell.

4. This is a complex investment

This investment has a complex structure based on other risky investments. A business that raises money like this lends it to, or invests it in, other businesses or property. This makes it difficult for the investor to know where their money is going.

This makes it difficult to predict how risky the investment is, but it will most likely be high.

You may wish to get financial advice before deciding to invest.

5. Don’t put all your eggs in one basket

Putting all your money into a single business or type of investment for example, is risky. Spreading your money across different investments makes you less dependent on any one to do well. 

A good rule of thumb is not to invest more than 10% of your money in high-risk investments. https://www.fca.org.uk/investsmart/5-questions-ask-you-invest

If you are interested in learning more about how to protect yourself, visit the FCA’s website here: https://www.fca.org.uk/investsmart

For further information about minibonds, visit the FCA’s website here.https://www.fca.org.uk/consumers/mini-bonds